There are several historical, social, economic and political reasons that make the Balkan region vital for Turkey. One of them is the presence of Turkish and Muslim communities in Balkan countries. Moreover, the Balkan-orginated people constitute a major component of Turkey’s population, and these people are still closely related to their relative communities in the Balkans.

In terms of political economy, Balkans are of vital importance for Turkey. Turkey’s economic, commercial, cultural and political relations with the countries in the region have improved and are still improving especially after the socialist period.

The region is also important for Turkey’s relations with Europe, since Balkans are Turkey’s gateways to Europe. Therefore, peace, security and stability in the Balkans are vital for Turkey not only in terms of Turkey’s security but also for its cultural, historical, economic and political relations with Europe.

1990s witnessed the end of the Cold War and the collapse of socialist regimes. Balkan countries have been through an enormous transformation and transition period. Seven new independent states emerged after the dissolution of Yugoslavia. Such radical changes have deeply affected the inter-state relations in the region and caused new problems to arise.

This impressive transition and transformation process had brought up new economic, political, social and cultural problems. The reconstruction and improvement of peace and stability continues to be a vital issue for the Balkans.

Balkans are the natural bridge that connect Europe to Asia, Asia to Europe and both continents to Anatolia. Balkans are a base and support centre that reach from Europe to Turkish Straits, Suez Channel and the Middle East. The region is at the crossroads of six seas: the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, Marmara Sea, the Aegean Sea, the Adriatic Sea, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. This location provides the Balkans a geopolitical and strategic importance.

The stability and security of the Balkans, as a result of its geopolitical and strategic position, is not only important for the regional states but also for Europe and Asia. The security depressions that migt occur in the Balkans will affect the security of Europe, Asia, and Turkey - the bridge that connects these two old continents. Therefore, more secure Balkans would mean a more secure Europe, Asia and Turkey.

For all these reasons, organization of an International Balkan Congress is deemed necessary for improving security and stability, adoption and spread of new security approaches and focusing on new directions in security in the Balkans. Thus, the main theme of the International Balkan Congress is "Security Approaches of International Organizations in the 21st Century and Security of the Balkans". Successful realization of the congress will improve cooperation among our universities and countries, and facilitate creation of new cooperation and investment opportunities.



The goals of the International Balkan Congress; "Security Approaches of International Organizations in the 21st Century and Security of the Balkans" are::

  1. Determining and analysing recent security issues in the Balkans,
  2. Discussion of the security approaches of Regional Cooperation Council, South East European Cooperation Initiative, European Union, United Nations, NATO, OSCE, Black Sea Economic Organization and their impact on Balkan regional security,
  3. EU and NATO membership of Balkan countries and its impact on Balkan security,
  4. Discussion and analysis of Turkey’s role in providing sustainable security, peace and stabilty in the Balkans and developing applicable strategies,
  5. Developing common struggle strategies against issues such as organized crime, illegal migration and terror that threaten security, peace and stability in the Balkans,
  6. Developing policies for the establishment of sustainable security, peace and stability,
  7. Improving the cooperation between academicians, researchers and their institutions in Turkey and the Balkans for establishing peace and security in Balkan countries and creation of common projects,
  8. Improving the relations between our Universities and Balkan universities and think-tanks and providing the platform for cooperation opportunities,
  9. Turkey’s contribution to non-governmental organizations working on Balkan affairs, and evaluation of cooperation opportunities with them,
  10. Protection and promotion of cultural entities in the Balkans,
  11. Negotiating the possibility of the establishment of a Balkan Security and Economic Cooperation Community.



Academicians and researchers coming from different countries will present their papers in the sessions.The regional security problems and the politics and security approaches of the international organizations will be handled in many dimensions as a result.

Each session will be composed of 5 speakers. The total time limit for each session is 90 minutes and each speaker will have 15 minutes to present their papers. The congress language will be both Turkish and English.

Abstracts shall be submitted until March 25th, 2011 to the following email addresses: or . Full texts of the abstracts shall be submitted until April 15th, 2011.

Congress Papers

Flash disks involving papers presented in the congress will be given to lecturers. In addition, Congress Papers will be published after the congress.

Facilities For Speakers


Note: Travel and accommodation costs shall be covered by the speakers and participants themselves.

Participation Fee


The participation fee is € 50,- or its equivalent in Turkish Lira (TL) and shall be transferred to the bank accounts provided below:

Euro Account
Bank: Türkiye İş Bankası Kocaeli University Branch
Account No: 2407 0022789
IBAN: TR20 0006 4000 0022 4070 0227 89

TL Account
Bank: Türkiye İş Bankası Kocaeli University Branch
Account No: 2407 0400447
IBAN: TR29 0006 4000 0012 4070 4004 47



The theme of the International Balkan Congress is "Security Approaches of International Organizations in the 21st Century and Security of the Balkans".



Kocaeli University, Prof. Dr. Baki Komsuoğlu Culture and Congress Centre, Umuttepe Campus, 41380 – KOCAELI / TURKEY.



April 28-29, 2011

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